Sauvignon grapes from the Dealul Mare, simply to view little of those wines that are followed by the vintages of barely vin de quality of table. Just handful of wineries got considerable foreign investment as well as expertise and it isn’t coincidence that they’ll usually make the best wines today in Romania.
More Vital Than Russia
Winemaking and Viticulture is an ancient tradition in Romania that is dated back to 4000 years. In Europe only, Spain, Germany, Italy, and France are much larger wine-producing countries. Significantly, Romania is much vital than Russia or Hungary in terms of winemaking. Just like in Bulgaria, massive planting program was there in 1960s when this country geared up for supplying Comecon states with their bulk-blending fodder, today maximum wine is consumed and purchased in the home market. In 1989 December, after the falling of Ceausescu, vine area increased, that went against the trend of different Eastern Bloc wine-manufacturing countries. But much of this replanting witnessed vinifera varieties that were replaced with the hybrids because its new private owners didn’t know how they should take care after their vineyards. Even if they knew, they couldn’t care less and the hybrids are pretty hardier as they yield highest volumes for least effort. The expansion went on till 1995 when it began declining. The new planting as well as the replanting of the older vineyards now represents less than 2% of total area that is under vine along with staggering quantity of land planted with the hybrids. Moreover, in spite of privatization, nearly 23% of vineyards are still owned by the Romanian state. Now, there are 8 wine areas encompassing nearly 37 wine growing districts as well as vineyard registrations that are coming into operation slowly in preparation for EU membership of Romania in 2007-2010. The regions producing the largest wine include Mutenia and Moldova and this total accounts for 60% or more of all available Romanian wines.
Future for Romanian wines
Though difficulties were there in past, but Romania still holds excellent future only, if it can grasp it. Far more important than replanting hybrid vines with vinifera is to ensure that only the best vineyards are replanted and that an emphasis is put on growing the best indigenous varieties, such as those of the Feteasca family: Feteasca Alba, Feteasca Neagra, and Regla. Other potentially interesting local varieties include Babeaska, Busuioaca, Francusa, Galbena, Grasa, and Tamaioasa.