The vineyards of Württemberg are situated on hills above the Neckar and its tributaries.

The area starts near Tübingen and continues past the provincial capital of Stuttgart to Heilbronn and Bad Mergentheim. Württemberg is Germany's largest wine-growing region as far as red wine is concerned. About half the vineyards are planted with blue grape varieties.

The soil here consists of sedimentary layers, chalk rock with fossilised shells, marl, and loess. Unfortunately the fine wines from this area almost never leave their area of production. Very fruity reds

are made from Müllerebe, Spatburgunder, Portugieser, and Lemberger, while sturdy, powerful, and often slightly rustic whites are made from Riesling, Müller-Thurgau, Kerner, and Silvaner (Sylvaner) .

Franconia (Franken)

The vineyards of Franconia are on the hills overlooking the river Main as it runs through Würzburg and Aschaffenburg. The soil mainly consists of loess, sandstone, and chalk rock. Franconia has been renowned for centuries for two things: the Steinwein from Würzburg, which is so popular that all the wines from the region bear the Stein name, and the idiosyncratic but awkward green Bocksbeutel flagonshaped bottles. The shape makes them awkward to stack in wine racks intended for round bottles.

Franconian wines are mainly produced from MüllerThurgau and Silvaner (Sylvaner) which yield very dry and sturdy wines with good acidity and fullbodied structure.


Nahe lies to the west of Rheinhessen on either side of the river of that name. The soil in the north around Bad Kreuznach consists of loam and sand, while in the south it tends towards quartzite and porphyry. 

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 Nahe bridges the gap in wine terms between the fragrant wines of the Mosel, the elegant ones from the Rheingau, and the milder ones of Rheinhessen. Miiller-Thurgau, Riesling, and Silvaner (Sylvaner) here deliver subtle and fragrant wines.