French wine’s success has been created on deservedly popular regions that are enshrined by the AOC (Appellation d’Origine Contrôlée) laws, but unwillingness to guard such system in a meaningful logic has slowly debased historic reputations at precise point in the history when the New World manufacturers are eager at establishing their own range of wines.
France owns a total of 872 hectares of land under vine that also includes 70,000 hectares for the Cognac and 6,000 hectares for the Armagnac. It produces an average of approximately 57 million hectolitres of wine each year. From the mid of 1980s, there has been a drop in French wine production by 27% in response to moving away from lower-quality end of spectrum because wine consumers have started drinking less wine but they drink the better quality ones. The way that quality is classified is a highly contentious issue that is faced by the French wine industry.
The system is simplicity itself: three rows of casks are piled up on top of each other in each criadera. The name solera is derived from suelo for the wine in the bottom row, which is the oldest of the three. The top row houses the youngest Spanish wine.
As wine is drawn of for bottling this is done from the lowest casks and the space created is then filled by wine from a cask that is one row higher. The space created in this cask is then filled by wine from the next row above.