This area with is renowned vineyards of Cotnari, Odobesti, Panciu, Nicoresti, Husi, and Dealurile Moldovei, borders the Ukraine (Russian Federation). The soil chiefly consists of a mixture of humus and chalk.
Many Romanian wines here are made from the native grapes of Feteasca Alba, Feteasca Regala, Feteasca Negra, and Galbena, possibly supplemented with or even supplanted by imported grapes such as Rhine Riesling, Welsch Riesling, Pinot Gris, Traminer, or Sauvignon Blanc.
Romania has an impressive wine-making past. Archaeological finds have shown that primitive wine-making was in existence some 6,000 years ago. The ancient Greeks and the Romans made Romanian wine more widely known.
Today Romania has 275,000 hectares in cultivation for wine-making and produces about 8 million hectolitres per annum (approx. 10% of French production) which places it in the European top ten of wine-producing countries. The climate and the geology in Romania is very beneficial for wine growing.