Each of these areas has its own geographic indentity resulting from countless variations in position, sun-hours, contour, soil, and finaly area unique with its own character and potential. There are more than 300 different terroirs, here referred to as crus, each equally unique and the subject of countless village interpretations.
The chalk of the gently-sloping hills is covered with a thin layer of loam. The vines send their roots really deep into the chalk rock in order to derive the required nutrients and water. In addition to their role in regulating water supply, the chalk rocks also help to regulate temperature.
Only three varieties of grape are permited. These three, together with the soil, give Champagne its specific character. Pinot Noir provides the blackbone and fullnes. Chardonnay is responsible for the elegant acidity and refined taste, and Pinot Meunier imparts the wine with a fresh and lively character.