The climate in Bulgaria is a combination of a maritime one from the Black Sea, a Mediterranean climate in the south, and Central European climate in the centre and north of the country. The geology permits the production of high quality wines on a large scale. The ultra modem wineries are extremely efficient and the vinification methods are well managed.
Bulgaria is divided into a number of large regions which in turn are divided into smaller wine areas.
Dolinata na Struma BULGARIAN region
This area is distinguished by its Mediterranean type climate and underlying chalk and sand which are ideal for producing red Bulgarian wine. First class Cabernet Sauvignon is produced in Melnik, which is slightly spicy and mellow. Cabernet Sauvignon/Melnik of Petrich somewhat more powerful and has a fuller taste. The best Bulgarian wines are undoubtedly the Reserves made from the native Elnik grape. These are powerful, full-bodied and rounded wines with some bite to them.
Trakiiska Nizina BULGARIAN region
This is the land of the ancient Thracians who were active wine-makers as long ago as 700 BC. It is also the largest wine area of Bulgaria. Because of the favourable climate the majority of the wines here are reds. The superb full-bodied and rounded wine that was characteristic of the area, made from native Mavrud grapes, is still produced in Assenovgrad. Mavrud wines are relatively speaking rare by comparison with other Bulgarian wines but they are of excellent quality.
Delicious mellow Merlots originate from Haskovo that are well-rounded and cask aged for a number of years. These are very acceptable but have little Bulgarian character. The Merlot from neighbouring Stambolovo is better. This Bulgarian wine receives a long period (in Bulgarian terms) ageing in wooden casks and it tastes wonderful. The best Cabernet Sauvignons and Merlots originate around Mount Sakar in the Strandja region, such as Lyubimets.
Rozova Dolina BULGARIAN REGION
This is the domain of Cabernet Sauvignon. High quality Cabernet Sauvignon and Merlots of European style come from Oriachovitza in the Controliran region. Cabernet Sauvignon from Plovdiv is fairly powerful and at first acquaintance resembles a French wine. Perhaps the finest Chardonnay from Bulgaria originates from Sliven but here too the juicy Meriots and Pinot Noirs dominate.